RE: rAga, tALa & SRti mAlikalu

Suryam (
Tue, 17 Jun 1997 23:41:56 +0530

I quickly remember two more songs of this fashion ..

rAvE rAgamayI ... jayabhEri 
rasika rAja taguvAramu kAmA ... anArkali

But I am not sure about the exact classification (whether they are rAga
/ tAla /sRti mAlikalu).  I think, both must be rAga mAlikalu.

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>-----Original Message-----
>From:	Ram  Vishnubhotla []
>Sent:	Tuesday, June 17, 1997 6:26 PM
>To:	ghantasala
>Subject:	rAga, tALa & SRti mAlikalu
>   It is more than a year since I posted on this group. I did not have 
>an e-mail account until recently. I am happy to learn from Sreenivas 
>Paruchuri about the progress the group is making in discussing various 
>topics about G's music.
>Coming to the subject of this mail: rAga, tALa & SRti mAlikalu sung by G.
>Many of you know what a rAga mAlika is? If a song is composed in more 
>than one rAga, it is called rAga mAlika. Usually a rAga mAlika is 
>composed in more than two rAgAs. Many of you can recall the rAgamAlika 
>songs sung by G. Two quick examples are:
>1) hAyi hAyigA Amani sAgE (in suvarna sundari kadha)
>2) nIla kandharA dEvA (in bhUkIlAs)
>Each song also is set to a tALa (beat). Like rAga mAlika, if a 
>song is set to more than two tAlAs, it is called a tALa mAlika. 
>Similarly if a song is sung in more than one SRti, it is called a SRti 
>mAlika. But SRti mAlikalu are vey rarely done. 
>In the above example, 1 is only a rAga mAlika and 2 is a rAga, tALa & SRti 
>Now can we compile all the songs sung by G that fall into:
>1) rAga mAlikalu
>2) rAga tALa mAlikalu
>3) rAga tALa SRti mAlikalu
>For those curious minds, changing SRti to the exact higher octave is not 
>a SRti change. Example: In the MBK's (mangaLampalli bAla muraLikRSNa) 
>tillAnA "vadanamadE virisEnE" in rAga "kadanakutUhala", he sings the notes in
>exactly one octave higher and one octave lower notes of the base SRti he 
>starts the tillAna.
>What is the purpose of rAgamAlikalu?
>The main purpose (I think) is to establish the relationship (mostly 
>romantic) for a longer period of time. Usually the rAgamAlikalu are twice 
>the length of a regular song. In the above song "hAyi hAyigA", the 
>director shows the romantic relationship for 4 seasons establishing the 
>fact that the hero and heroine were together for a long period. Similarly 
>the song "praLayapayOdhijalE" in bhakta jayadEva, the writer establishes 
>dasAvatArAs the same way.
>In a rAga mAlika, the composer composes the inter-stanza (caraNAniki 
>caraNAniki madhya) music in such a way that the lister/singer would not 
>have any difficulty listening/singing the next stanza (caraNam).
>If the group member show some interest on this, I would like to continue 
>this thread.
>P.S:- I borrowed this idea after watching one of the episodes on the ETV 
>show pADutA - tIyagA.
>P.P.S:- Somehow I feel that we can enjoy G's songs/composition better if we 
>pay some attention about the music.
>Any comments or corrections are welcome.