Info. on varNOtpatti sthAnamulu, (Re: tsa, tja)
Sat, 11 Oct 1997 15:30:38 +0200

The telugu alphabets that we articulate, emerge from different parts of the 
face. The letters have been classified, into 9 groups, according to their 
place of birth.  These are called as "varNOtpatti sthAnamulu". 

(1). kaMThyamulu (2). tAlavyamulu (3). moorthanyamulu (4). daMtyamulu  (5). 
OshTyamulu  (6). nAsikyamulu
(7). kaMThatAlavyamulu (8). kaMThOshTyamulu (9). daMtOshTyamulu.

(Note: try to utter, the below given syllables, loudly and figure out which 
part of the face is helping you in uttering them)

1. kaMThyamulu = Guttural syllables (the sounds formed using throat)
viz. a, aa, ka, kha, ga, gha, za, ha, visargaH (:)

2. tAlavyamulu = The palatal letters (the sounds formed using the jaw)
viz. i, ee, ca, cha, ja, jhu, ini, ya, Sa

3. moorthanyamulu = The heading letters (sounds formed using the forehead)
viz. RU, RUoo, Ta, Tha, Da, Dha, Na, ra, sha

4. daMtyamulu = Sounds formed using the teeth
viz. Lu, Loo, ta, tha, da, dha, na, la, sa, *tca, *tja
(*talakaTTu ca, talakaTTu ja)

5. OshTyamulu = Sounds formed using the lips
viz. u, uoo, pa, pha, ba, bha, ma

6. nAsikyamulu = Sounds formed using the nose
viz. jna, ini, Na, na, ma, anusvAramu (o)

7. kaMTha tAlavyamulu = Letters formed using throat and jaw. viz., e, E, ai

8. kaMThOshTyamulu = Letters formed using throat and lips. viz., o, O, ou

9. daMtOshTyamu = Letter formed using teeth and lips. i.e. 'va'

Rules to utter 'ca', 'ja' (Answering when they become 'tsa','tja') 

RULE 1. "a aa u oo o O ou" laM gooDina 'ca','ja' lu daMtyaMbulu. 
Explanation: When 'ca' 'ja' are pronounced with the help of "a aa u oo o O 
ou" they become daMtyaMbulu.

i.e. We should utter words like "cali", "cApa", "couka" etc.,
keeping our teeth together, while touching the tip of our tounge to teeth. 
Same way, "jonna","jOli", "jOku".

ex: cali (ca+a+li), cApa (ca+A+pa), couka (ca+ou+ka), jonna (ja+o+nna)

RULE 2. "i ee e E" laMgooDina 'ca','ja' lu tAlavyaMbulu. 
Explanation: When 'ca','ja' are pronounced with the help of "i ee e E" they 
become tAlavyaMbulu.

i.e. We should utter 'ca' 'ja' using the jaw (tAlavyamu). 

ex: ciluka (ca+i+luka), ceema (ca+ee+ma), celi (ca+e+li), jeRRi (ja+e+rri)

RULE 3: daMtya tAlavyaMbulaina 'ca','ja' lu savarNaMbulu. 
There is no prime difference in using these letters.  They are 
differentiated only for the sake of utterance. 

i.e., padya prAsalalO veeTillO bEdhaM pATiMcabaDadu.

Your questions and comments are most welcome.

Regards, Madhava